Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
SSU ship logo and 'Salem State University' text

Environmental Resources: Citing Sources


If you're having trouble keeping track of your research sources and citing them all correctly, consider using RefWorks.  RefWorks is a citation management tool that can save you a lot of time and stress.  It can even create a Works Cited page for your project.  Sign-up for an account - it's free and you can keep using it even after you graduate.  

To get started you can do some of the tutorials below or come to a RefWorks Workshop in the Library on the following dates. 

Why Cite Sources

  • To acknowledge where you found your ideas

  • Lend credibility to your ideas

  • Allow others to verify your facts

  • Provide your readers with a link to additional sources on the topic

When do you cite sources?


  • Quoting  - using another's exact words.  Put them in quotation marks

  • Paraphrasing - re-stating another's ideas in your own words

  • Summarizing - summing up a lengthly passage in one or two sentences of your own

All sources used, whether quoted, prarphrased , or summarized must be citing using the appropriate citation method.

Strategies for avoiding plagiarism

  • Start research early, so you are not rushed at the end

  • Take good notes

  • keep track of your sources/citations to works consulted

  • Know what you need to cite, what you don't, and how to do it

  • Use the appropriate style manual

  • Ask for help!

         At the Writing Center

         At the Library

         From your Professor


Subject Guide

Profile Photo
Carol Zoppel
Berry Library, Room 210H
(978) 542-6811