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Psychology: Gow PSY170H

A guide to Psychology resources and library research.

Annotated Bibliography

What is an Annotated Bibliography?

An annotated bibliography is an alphabetical list of sources with a short paragraph summarizing and analyzing each one. 

Annotations contain:

  • An appropriate APA citation
  • A short summary of the work
  • Relevance to your research topic
  • Unique or special things about the work
  • Notes about the author(s)
  • Your own thoughts about the work


Sample Annotated Bibliography

Abbott, A. (2013). Why zombies are the best. Journal of Scary Creatures, 6(66), 58-75.

Abbott argues that zombies deserve a greater prominence in the creature culture than they currently receive. Compared to cultured vampires, magical witches, and rugged werewolves, zombies, with their rotting limbs and limited intelligence, are easily overlooked as scary. Abbott believes that the best quality of zombies is that they are a renewable resource, and because they can be returned to the earth when no longer needed, they are ecologically beneficial and play an eco-societal role similar to that of vultures and hyenas. Abbott goes on to demonstrate that zombies, with proper care, feeding, and training, can take on the role of guard dog for the person who raised them.

By taking a purely biological stance, Abbott ignores several key problems in zombie studies. First, he downplays the reanimation necessary to create zombies, and with it the associated civil ordinances against grave robbing. Further, he completely fails to mention the cannibalistic diet of zombies. Ultimately, this is an opinion piece, however thought-provoking, and Abbott fails to disclose his zombie-training methodology.


Doe, J. (2012). Unfed and undead: The problem with zombies. Underworld Quarterly, 10(13),7- 20.

Doe sees zombies as the black rat of the creature world: plague-carrying vermin with no hope of rehabilitation or civilization.  Their diet of brains makes them worse than scavengers. Because they scavenge from humans, Doe believes that killing zombies is a moral necessity, and advocates for privatized zombie extermination businesses.

Doe’s argument could have been made in fewer pages, but she devotes much of her article to testimonials of zombie attack survivors. It reads more like a business plan than a scholarly article.


Smith, R. (2015). Chased by zombies and fit: How a creature so slow can make you run.

International Review of Zombie Studies, 13(13), 156-157.

Smith’s piece is from a special issue of IRZs that explores the intersection of zombie studies with other academic disciplines. Smith comes from a kinesiology background, and has written other articles on cross fit and extreme, military-style personal training. Her background in exercise science comes through, as she compares zombies to the most feared basic training drill sergeants in terms of motivational forces.  In addition to quantities studies on the positive mental and physical effects of surviving a zombie attack, Smith includes a 10-minute at-home workout to improve speed and agility, to greater increase the reader’s likelihood of outrunning a pack of zombies.