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Applying the CRAAP Test: Applying the CRAAP Test

A guide to help students learn about credible sources.

Popular, aka, "Magazine"

  • Short articles
  • Many ads and pictures
  • Opinion
  • No bibliography
  • Quick read
  • Typically found in Doctor's offices, hair salons, etc.

Scholarly, aka, "Peer Reviewed"

  • Lengthy, well-researched articles
  • Substantial bibliography
  • Typically found in academic library or research centers
  • No or few pictures or ads
  • Written for a specialized audience

Finding Scholarly Articles


  • When was the information published or last updated?
  • Have more recent articles been published on your topic?
  • Does your topic change rapidly (Popular culture, technology)?

Here are two (2) websites with contrasting definitions of CURRENCY


  • Does the source add something new to your knowledge of the topic?
  • Is the information too technical or simplified for you to use? 
  • Does the information meet the reuqirements of the assignment?


Look at this website as an example of possible RELEVANCY


  • What are the Author's credentials?
  • Is the author affiliated with an educational institution or prominent organization?
  • Is the relationship between the author and the institution clear?
  • Can you find information about the author from the source?


Look at this websites as an example of AUTHORITY


  • Are there statements you know to be false? 
  • Is it free from errors - spelling, punctuation, or grammar?
  • Are there links to other reliable sources?

Here are two (2) websites as a dubious source of ACCURACY


  • Is there an obvious bias or prejudice?  
  • Are alternate points of view presented? 
  • Is the author's purpose to sell, persuade, entertain or sell?

Here are two (2) websites of dubious Bias with questionable PURPOSE

What are Credible Sources?

Apply the CRAAP Test

  • Apply what you know to these two (2) sites